The Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) continues to block most of the operations worldwide. From manufacturing to the service sector, many domains have been affected by its adverse effect. The worst part is no vaccine or medicine has been made to prevent or cure this disease.
However, the solution could lie in nanotechnology! How? Next, we discuss the potential nanotechnological contribution to stop the spread of Coronavirus.
The possible contribution of nanotechnology to COVID-19
So far, no specific treatment or vaccine has been proposed for the treatment of COVID-19. Only some drugs are conventionally used that helps to improve the immune system against malaria called chloroquine.
However, the surprising characteristics of chemical compounds, especially nanodrugs, can contribute significantly to medicine and pharmacy and can also be considered a promising solution to stop the deadly outbreak of COVID-19 worldwide.
According to some reports, the nanoparticles can change their size and intensified its properties induced by the severe increase in the surface area to volume ratio. And the most interesting point is that the structure of the Coronavirus depicts similarities with the nanoparticles.
So, the idea is that the nanoscale particles can interact with or join the proteins in the peaks with the resulting disruption of the viral structure through the use of electromagnetic radiation, mainly infrared light. The resulting structural damage can suppress the virus’s ability and its genome to multiply and reproduce within a host.
Theranostics is a recently emerging area, involving virus detection and neutralization using nanodrugs and nanomedicine with a focus on diagnosis and therapy.
Accordingly, there are reports of the application of nanoparticles to combat microbes that cause influenza and tuberculosis. Nanoparticles hold the ability to intercept pathogens and viruses due to possible surface modification and functionalization. They can be modified or functionalized to dissolve the lipid membrane of viruses or even bind to spike proteins in S1 and/or penetrate the envelope and encapsulate the nucleocapsid and RNA. The nanoparticles can be modified and functionalized to attack a particular virus or rabies of viruses, bacteria, and other pathogens. With their size, the modified nanoparticles can move through the body in the bloodstream without causing problems or disrupting other functions, especially those that participate in the human immune system and can stay much longer in the body to detect viruses.
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